Ableism refers to discrimination, prejudice, and negative attitudes or stereotypes against individuals with disabilities. It is a form of social bias that treats people with disabilities as inferior or less capable simply because of their disabilities. Ableism can manifest in various ways, including exclusion, stigmatization, lack of accommodation, and unequal treatment in areas such as education, employment, healthcare, and social interactions.
Ableism can be both explicit and implicit, meaning it can be evident through overt actions or ingrained in societal structures and attitudes. It can lead to systemic barriers that limit the opportunities and experiences of people with disabilities, hindering their full participation in society.
Efforts to combat ableism involve promoting inclusivity, accessibility, and equal treatment for individuals with disabilities. This includes advocating for policies that ensure reasonable accommodations, raising awareness about the rights and needs of people with disabilities, and challenging harmful stereotypes and biases.