Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus, which is the pear-shaped organ located in a woman’s pelvis. This cancer typically develops in the inner lining of the uterus, called the endometrium.
It is one of the most common types of gynecologic cancers. The majority of cases occurring in people who have reached menopause. The exact cause of uterine cancer is still unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified.
One of the primary risk factors for this type of cancer is hormonal imbalance, specifically an excess of estrogen. Women who have never been pregnant, have a history of irregular menstrual cycles, or have undergone hormone replacement therapy are at a higher risk. Additionally, obesity, diabetes, and certain inherited genetic conditions, such as Lynch syndrome, can increase the likelihood of developing uterine cancer.
The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially in postmenopausal women. Other signs and symptoms may include pelvic pain, difficulty urinating, pain during intercourse, or an enlarged uterus. However, it is important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so further testing is necessary for an accurate diagnosis.